Depending on the origin and destination of the cargo, shipping by boat can be a lot more economically practical than shipping by air or ground. Often, the overhead of operating and maintaining a maritime cargo vessel boasts a vastly more efficient cost to cargo ratio than other forms of transportation. There’s no shortage of shipping ports, either. With shipping by boat being such a historically critical venture, many ports have been established and routes mapped for literally hundreds of years. The amount of combined experience that has been gained in the centuries of the industry’s history has gone a long way in refining techniques, eliminating unnecessary expenses, and otherwise increasing the efficiency of the trade. Whether your cargo is delivered by sea between transportation hubs to continue its journey by air or ground, or is delivered entirely by sea, the effect on your overall costs is likely to be surprising.
Shipping by boat can also be far less damaging to the environment than other forms of shipping. In regards to the quantity of cargo that is delivered in each trip, the amount of fuel that boats burn is competitive with that of ground transportation, and certainly less than most cargo carrying airplanes. By burning less fuel and consequently producing less harmful green house gasses, freight transporting ships make up a much smaller contribution to air pollution than other shipping industries.
Sea faring cargo vessels are incredibly accommodating when it comes to the size and nature of freight, as well. While ground transportation and even air transportation are more strictly suited to the delivery of large quantities of small goods, maritime freight vessels are versatile enough to ship a wide variety of cargo in addition to consumer goods. Cars, trucks, agricultural and industrial equipment as well as vast amounts of raw materials can all be shipped by sea. In fact, while large shipments of small manufactured goods by air and ground both domestically and internationally are commonplace, the shipment of industrial goods, raw materials, fuels and other large freight is altogether impractical using these forms of transportation.